In English, German and French e.g., the definite form of a noun is constructed by a definite article. The definit form of the noun table for example, is obtained by adding the - the table, German - Der Tisch, French - La table etc.
In Swedish, the definite form is obtained by attaching a suffix (ending) to the noun. The suffixes are -(e)n for common genders and -(e)t for neuters. The e is often dropped when the noun ends in a vowel.
en 'djungel - djungeln
ett 'fönster - fönstret
ett rum - rummet
I will write the full forms when we come across a noun that differs from the rule.
Nouns normally keep their stress in the definite form.
*flicka - *flickan
Some more nouns
In English, you often form a question by rewriting with do. That
is NOT possible in Swedish. Instead, you reverse the word order (as
in English Are you fine?). Often you use a question word as well.
Are you from Sweden?
Any opinions, comments, corrections are welcome to this address:
Copyright Björn Engdahl 2008