**Nowadays, ni isn't used very much as formal sing. We usually
address everybody with du.
The Swedish nouns are divided into two genders, neuters (n) and common genders (r). In most cases, you can't tell whether a noun is a neuter or a common gender. You'll simply have to memorize the gender for each noun you learn. However, there are a few rules, with help of which you'll easier remember it. One of them tells that all nouns having to do with people or professions are common gender.
Neuters use the indefinite article ett and common genders use en. The pronoun det (it) is similarly used for neuters and den (it too) is used for common genders.
That's it, what could you do now?
God morgon, en penna tack! Hej då
Not much but you would be perfectly understood! If you want to produce
more advanced sentences, you have to learn some verbs.
Verbs are the key to every language. Just by mentioning äta you will be understood. (You wouldn't be looked upon as a very intelligent person though.)
In Swedish, a verb employs the same form in all persons, whereas English for example uses different forms for different persons. Thus, the verb vara conjugates as follows in the present tense:
As you can see, this is very easy. Therefore you only have to learn one form for every verb in each tense.
Most Swedish verbs are regular, but the most frequently used are irregular.
Regular verbs, infinitive and present tense
All polysyllabic Swedish verbs end with an a in the infinitive. (Others, those of one syllable end with any vowel.) There are two conjugations of regular verbs - group 1 adding an r to the stem in the present tense and group two adding er to the stem. The Swedish word corresponding to the English to in to go for example is att.
And as I said before, the verbs conjugate in the same way in all persons.
Almost all irregular verbs form their present tense as does groupe 2.
skriva (to write)
se (to see)
Tala (1) = [*ta:la], Talar = [*ta:lar]
Köpa (2) = [*kö:pa], Köper = ['kö:per]
Skriva (i) = [*skri:va], Skriver = ['skri:ver]
Diskutera (1) = [disku:'te:ra], Diskuterar = [disku:'te:rar] (diskutera = discuss)
Now that you know some verbs and nouns, you could construct more advanced sentences such as
Jag heter Björn Engdahl = My name is Björn Engdahl
A boy writes a postcard
Any opinions, comments, corrections are welcome to this address:
Copyright Björn Engdahl 2008