Jump to Adjectives,
|lika...som [li:ka] [såm]
|för...sedan [fö:r] [sen]
|ett år - [å:r]
|en väg -ar [vä:g]
Adjectives - Compare
The comparative forms of a Swedish adjective is formed in almost the
same ways as is an English adjective. In English, you can either add -er
and -est (high, higher, highest), or you can say
more and most (boring, more boring, most boring).
In Swedish, you add -are and -ast where possible, and otherwise,
you say mer and mest.
- The adjective kort is thus compared like this:
- The adjective intressant = interesting is like in English compared
with more and most:
- Adjectives ending with unstressed -en, -er or -el drop
their e (like with the definite article).
- Some adjectives are irregular and some have umlaut:
liten - mindre - minst
dålig - sämre - sämst
bra - bättre - bäst
stor - större - störst
lång - längre - längst
hög - högre - högst
mycket - mer(a) - mest
- If you want to say the best car, you have to inflect the adjective,
and here it's the weak pattern that is to be used. Regular adjectives attach
-e, irregular ones attach -a. Adjectives in the second form
den korta bilen
den kortare bilen
den kortaste bilen
den vackra bilen
den vackrare bilen
den vackraste bilen
den dåliga bilen
den sämre bilen
den sämsta bilen
- The adjective liten has the first form lilla when it
is inflected weakly.
- The expression as...as is lika...som in Swedish
Verbs - The Imperfect and the Perfect
Swedish is very similair to English in constructing the past tenses.
And the tenses are also employed pretty much the same way in both languages.
The perfect tense consists of the present tense of the verb ha (to
have) + the supine form of the main verb. As in English, you get the past
perfect by using the imperfect form of ha instead of the present
tense. The imperfect is formed by attaching a suffix to the stem.
- The imperfect tense is formed by adding -de to the stem, unless
the stem ends with a voiceless consonant (f, k, p, s, t etc.) then you
- The supine is formed by attaching -t to the stem.
- As this group consists of irregular verbs, you can't give any rule
what forms there are. But in the imperfect, most verbs get no suffix. They
just change the stem-vowel. In the supine, most verbs change the stem-vowel
again, and attach -it or -at.
Exercise - Translate
the following sentences into Swedish
1 - I was in Sweden ten years ago.
2 - For how many years have you been here?
3 - What did you do before you came here?
4 - I had bought the ten biggest cars before they saw me.
5 - He ran the shortest way to the better of the two resaurants.
here for answers
to the Lesson menu, or jump to Top of document
Go to lesson 6
Any opinions, comments, corrections are welcome to this address:
Last updated the 27th of March
Copyright Björn Engdahl 2008